Country Programme Action Plan 2012-2016
In 2010 Jamaica was reclassified as an upper middle income country. According to the 2009 Jamaica Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Report, the country has achieved the MDG goal of universal primary education and, is on track for ensuring environmental sustainability and eradicating extreme hunger. The population living in poverty decreased from 28.4% in 1990 to 9.9% in 2007; but increased to 17.6% in 2010 as indicated by the PIOJ in their May 2011 press briefing. The distribution of poverty is unequal, with 20.4% of children reported as living below the poverty line and 22.5% of the poor living in rural areas in 2009. Female-headed households represent 45.5% of all households, are larger and continue to consume at lower levels per capita than male-headed households.