The project sites are located in the towns of Pleasant Valley and White Chapel, in the southern part of Jamaica’s Clarendon Parish. They are home to approximately 1,500 people, 50% of whom are estimated to be less than 35 years old. While bauxite-mining was the main economic activity until 1969, agriculture has been the communities’ primary source of livelihood for the past 40 years.
The Rural Youth Poverty Reduction Project will contribute to the reduction of rural youth unemploymen t by increasing the ability of youths to access sustainable livelihood options. This will be achieved throug h the capacitating of rural youth through the provision of skills training and increased access to post harvest production fac ilities to improve the agriculture value added.
The National Policy and Plan of Action on International Migration and Development seeks to respond to key global developments which have revealed, over time, the need to address the broad and evolving range of challenges and opportunities associated with migration. The policy seeks to ensure that international migration is adequately measured, monitored and influenced to serve the development needs of Jamaica as outlined in the Vision 2030 Jamaica — National Development Plan.
Despite relative success since its independence, Jamaica continues to be confronted by serious social and economic issues. With a high debt burden, over 60% of the government’s annual budget is committed to interest repayments, leaving few resources for improving social infrastructure. Unplanned urbanization, coupled with inadequate infrastructure and protracted economic slowdown has led to degradation in inner cities with communities, feeling the typical, interconnected pressures of their social conditions: poor housing and social amenities, overcrowding, high unemployment, poverty and rampant crime and violence.
When Hurricane Sandy touched down in Kingston on 24 October, excessive winds left more than 70 percent of the population without electricity, killed one person and forced more than 1,000 into shelters. As the storm moved across the island, an estimated US$ 100 million worth of infrastructure, including hospitals and schools, were damaged or destroyed, setting back decades of hard-won development.
The Caribbean Risk Management Initiative (Phase Two) Project combines aspects of UNDP’s corporate strategic plan (2008-2011) from operation areas of Crisis prevention and recovery – disaster risk reduction and environment and sustainable development – promoting adaptation to climate change. The project falls under focus areas three and four from the RBLAC regional plan and the RBLAC key results areas Strengthened regional, national and local capacities to manage and mitigate the risks of disasters; and strengthened regional capacity to adapt to climate change.
This project was the preparation of a document which described the proposed institutional arrangements and budgets for the preparation of an HCFC Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP) for Jamaica. Such arrangements needed: